6:10 Later, in 1738 the first Italian pizza restaurant was opened, they gained a lot of … The word pizza itself was first documented in AD 997 in Gaeta and throughout parts of Central and Southern Italy. The most distinct pizza in Canada is the "Canadian" pizza. [30], In 2016, robotics company BeeHex, widely covered in the media, was building robots that 3D-printed pizza. We eat it everywhere – at home, in restaurants, on street corners. Italy unified in 1861, and King Umberto I and Queen Margherita visited Naples in 1889. He passed away in hospital … He opened his restaurant at 53 1/3 Spring Street in New York City. Who invented the pizza, and how did it spread all over the world? Since becoming popular in New York, all different styles of pizza have been created and sold. Have fun and stay curious! Aug 12, 2019 - Pizza is an all-time favorite food, but did you ever wonder where pizza originated? 1957", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_pizza&oldid=994211948, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, An early reference to a pizza-like food occurs in the, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 16:55. The pineapple-laden pie is the brainchild of retired cook, Sam Panopoulos, who first served pineapple on pizza at Satellite Restaurant in Chatham, Ont.. By the mid 60s, Satellite Restaurant (now under different ownership) had been serving pizza for a few years, although Panopoulos, now 82, says the dish was … Pizza is a big part of modern society, appearing at parties, events, and even, perhaps, at your front door. Locked. The Queen's favorite was a pizza evoking the colors of the Italian flag — green (basil leaves), white (mozzarella), and red (tomatoes). There are frozen pizzas with raw ingredients and self-rising crusts. The idea of bread as a carrier or holder of other food pretty much started in the Middle Ages, what we today might call an open face sandwich. However, Raffaele Esposito is not the inventor of the pizza, or even specifically of the pizza margherita, as pizza with those ingredients existed 100 years before. Who really invented pizza? The first pizza restaurant franchise, Pizza Hut, opened in the 1930s. But where did pizza originate? [20], However, by 1927, Ada Boni's first edition of il talismano della felicità (a well-known Italian cookbook) includes a recipe using tomatoes and mozzarella.[21]. Today international outposts of American chains like Domino’s and Pizza Hut thrive in about 60 different countries. The first United States pizzeria — G. Lombardi’s — opened in 1905. Methods have been developed to overcome challenges such as preventing the sauce from combining with the dough and producing a crust that can be frozen and reheated without becoming rigid. There are mysteries all around us. The innovation that led to flatbread pizza was the use of tomato as a topping. Various toppings were invented. In Naples, Italy thousand of years ago, the term “focaccia” or galette flatbread was first used to describe a herb and spice covered bread The actual word “pizza” was first recorded in AD 997 in Gaeta and immediately spread to other parts of Italy. They needed to break away from their usual French meals. A fresh tomato paste, some tasty dough and melted mozzarella cheese… pizza lovers know that the best things in life are simple. No longer seen as an “ethnic” treat, it was increasingly identified as a fast, fun food. Queen Margherita’s blessing could have been the start of an Italy-wide pizza craze. The idea of a flat piece of dough topped with herbs and cheese originated in ancient Greece. Maybe the Greeks or Egyptians are the ones who invented pizza. The pizza was likely born in Naples, Italy, decades ago. The word pizza was first documented in A.D. 997 in Gaeta[3] and successively in different parts of Central and Southern Italy. “The broadest definition of pizza is a yeasted flatbread with ingredients baked into it. Most food historians point to Naples as the area of origin, and to Napoletana, the pizza of Naples, as the archetype of this type of pizza. Frank Pepe's nephew Sal Consiglio opened a competing store, Sally's Apizza, on the other end of the block, in 1938. Pizza Rolls were invented in 1968, and Bagel Bites came out in 1985. Pizza in Italy is thought to have descended from the original focaccia bread, but in truth, different flatbreads were developed throughout the ancient world. Pizza is the world’s favourite fast food. A precursor of pizza was probably the focaccia, a flat bread known to the Romans as panis focacius, to which toppings were then added. From then on, the story goes, that particular topping combination was dubbed pizza Margherita. An ocean away, though, immigrants to the United States from Naples were replicating their trusty, crusty pizzas in New York and other American cities, including Trenton, New Haven, Boston, Chicago and St. Louis. Actually, the French had a dish called Pissaladerie .. and for many years before the Itallian Pizza too. In 1936, De Lorenzo's Tomato Pies was opened. [45] Pizza consumption has exploded in the U.S with the introduction of Pizza chains such as Domino's, Pizza Hut, and Papa John's. But it wasn't until after World War II that pizza began to become popular with most Americans. This discussion looks at three things you can do. In ancient times, all bread was basically flat, and treated as a food in and of itself. [28], In December 2009, the pizza napoletana was granted Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) status by the European Union. But Mariani credited three East Coast pizzerias with continuing to churn out pies in the century-old tradition: Totonno’s (Coney Island, Brooklyn, opened 1924); Mario’s (Arthur Avenue, the Bronx, opened 1919); and Pepe’s (New Haven, opened 1925). This earliest form of pizza was a crude bread that was baked beneath the stones of the fire. As Italian-Americans, and their food, migrated from city to suburb, east to west, especially after World War II, pizza’s popularity in the United States boomed. The first US pizzeria was created by Gennaro Lombardi, an Italian immigrant. It's called a pizza saver. [37] In 1995, the brand opened its first international location in Bahrain and became an international success. This royal story took place in 1889, when Esposito, a Neapolitan pizza maker, created the first pizza in the style of Italian flag’s red, white and green. The margherita is topped with modest amounts of tomato sauce, mozzarella, and fresh basil. ", "Avpn – Associazione Verace Pizza Napoletana", "Meet the 81-Year-Old Greek-Canadian Inventor of the Hawaiian Pizza", "Pizza napoletana awarded special status by EU", "NASA wants astronauts to have 3D printed pizza, and this startup is building a printer to make it happen", "Naples' pizza twirling wins Unesco 'intangible' status", "From the archives: Montreal pizzerias, the labour of doughy love", "Bringing the first pizza ovens to Canada in the 1950s", "Hungry? Many variations of this pizza exist, but the two standout ingredients that make this pizza distinctly Canadian are bacon and mushrooms. Panopoulos is the Canadian man who invented Hawaiian pizza, a dish so divisive it led to a presidential outburst this year. The history of pizza begins in antiquity, when various ancient cultures produced basic flatbreads with several toppings. The pizza marinara method has a topping of tomato, oregano, garlic, and extra virgin olive oil. Early Naples. Legend has it that Italian Raffaele Esposito was the first to make that premier delicious pizza. Let us share with you a little bit of pizza history about who invented pizza. One of the first documented United States pizzerias was G. (for Gennaro) Lombardi’s on Spring Street in Manhattan, licensed to sell pizza in 1905. When was pizza invented? The brand continued to open additional locations across the Middle East, with chains now opened in the United Arab Emirates, Lebanon, and Morocco. 64 shares; Facebook; Twitter; 64 shares, 486 points. For some time after the tomato was brought to Europe from the Americas in the 16th century, it was believed by many Europeans to be poisonous, like some other fruits of the Solanaceae (nightshade) family are. It turns out a Canadian-invented pizza has been deemed the most popular pizza in the U.S. for 2020. Did you know pizza took the United States by storm before it became popular in its native Italy? However, by the late 18th century, it was common for the poor of the area around Naples to add tomato to their yeast-based flatbread, and so the pizza began. Who invented pizza? Legend has it that the traveling pair became bored with their … Locked. The association also selects pizzerias all around the world to produce and spread the verace pizza napoletana philosophy and method. READ MORE: Meet a Long-Lost Father of New York City Pizza. A Latin document written in a small Italian village might be the earliest reference to pizza. Where did Pizza come from originally? Canada's first pizzeria opened in 1948, Pizzeria Napoletana in Montreal. They opened their own restaurant on the corner of Wabash and Ohio, Pizzeria Uno. [46], Two entrepreneurs, Ike Sewell and Ric Riccardo, invented Chicago-style deep-dish pizza, in 1943. Leading early pizza chains were Shakey's Pizza, founded in 1954 in Sacramento, California; Pizza Hut, founded in 1958 in Wichita, Kansas; and Little Caesars, founded in 1959 in Garden City, Michigan. While the flatbread-sauce-cheese version of pizza most likely originated in Naples, Italy can’t quite take credit for inventing pizza. In 1945, Ira Nevin, a returning soldier, invented the Baker's Pride gas-fired pizza oven. A Neapolitan chef Raffaele Esposito invented the pizza in 1889. And another interesting wise invention that’s worth mentioning is the invention of Carmela Vitale of Dix Hills, New York. 13% of the US population consumes pizza on any given day. Discover with us who invented the pizza. Lombardi’s, still in operation today though no longer at its 1905 location, “has the same oven as it did originally,” notes food critic John Mariani, author of How Italian Food Conquered the World. Reflecting local tastes, global pizza toppings can run the gamut from Gouda cheese in Curaçao to hardboiled eggs in Brazil. He is, though, probably the originator of the name pizza margherita, if he’s to be remembered for anything at all in the history of pizza. Even if the pizza considered original of the Italian (and above all Neapolitan) culinary tradition in the world, Egyptians, Greeks and Romans also cooked very similar flatbreads! However, the American chains have also created Canadian specialty pizzas that are available only in Canada. Pizza Rolls were invented in 1968, and Bagel Bites came out in 1985. In 1843, Alexandre Dumas described the diversity of pizza toppings. Did pizza originate in China? The origin of the word pizza is uncertain. Historians believe the word pizza originated from Italian and Greek literature. Founded around 600 B.C. Technically an independent kingdom, it was notorious for its throngs of working poor, or lazzaroni. Pizza was mainly eaten in Italy and by emigrants from there. In 1905, Gennaro Lombardi opened the first pizzeria in the United States in New York City. The Neapolitans were coming for factory jobs, as did millions of Europeans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; they weren’t seeking to make a culinary statement. “The closer you got to the bay, the more dense their population, and much of their living was done outdoors, sometimes in homes that were little more than a room,” says Carol Helstosky, author of Pizza: A Global History and associate professor of history at the University of Denver. This may seem silly, but humans have actually been making pizza long before the word “pizza” existed! The stalls soon developed into the pizzeria, an open-air place for people to congregate, eat, drink, and talk — What’s Cooking America. One theory suggests it did. Grigorieva, Naming Authenticity," p. 211-212. Also worth noting is that throughout Europe there are many similar pies based on the idea of covering flat pastry with cheese, meat, vegetables and seasoning such as the Alsatian flammkuchen, German zwiebelkuchen, and French quiche. What can you do with it? But frozen pizza still remained something less than — it was kids’ food for the children of busy parents. Naples was a bustling city, and the Lazzaroni, or Lazzari, were the poorest of the lower class of the population. Though recent research casts doubt on this legend,[25] the tale holds that, in 1889, he baked three different pizzas for the visit of King Umberto I and Queen Margherita of Savoy. There are mysteries all around us. Pizza is a big part of modern society, appearing at parties, events, and even, perhaps, at your front door. (Perhaps it was no coincidence that her favorite pie featured the colors of the Italian flag.) What Were the First Pizzas Like? He wanted to honor Queen Margherita of Savoy. Mike Pence negative for COVID-19, VP's office says. Image via Getty/Pacific Press. Most pizza restaurants across Canada also serve popular Italian cuisine in addition to pizza, such as pasta, salad, soups and sandwiches. Some three billion pizzas are sold each year in the United States alone, an average of 46 slices per person. Frozen pizza was invented in the 1950s by Minneapolis pizzeria owner Rose Totino; Pizza Hut opened its first restaurant in Wichita, Kansas in 1958; Little Ceasar's followed a year later, and Domino's came in … Raffaele Esposito: the Legend Who Invented Pizza. In 1962, the "Hawaiian" pizza, a pizza topped with pineapple and ham, was invented in Canada by restaurateur Sam Panopoulis at the Satellite Restaurant in Chatham, Ontario. There's an app to help you order one", "Dear Slice: Boston May Have Had the First Pizza in America", "Readers weigh in on top Sheboygan, Manitowoc pizzerias", "A Slice of History: Pizza Through the Ages", "CBC Archives: New 50s Food – Pizza! There is historical evidence that Greeks ate a flat bread called πλακούτος (plakuntos) — “flat” — which was topped with olive oil, herbs, onion, cheese and garlic and then baked in a mud oven. There are mysteries all around us. However, until the late 19th or early 20th century, the dish was sweet, not savory, and earlier versions which were savory more resembled the flat breads now known as schiacciata. It was the Itallians who topped a bread base with tomatoes, mozerella and basil leaves (the basic Margherita Pizza) first. The word pizza itself was first documented in AD 997 in Gaeta and throughout parts of Central and Southern Italy. But relatively quickly, the flavors and aromas of pizza began to intrigue non-Neapolitans and non-Italians. [15][16][17], Pizza evolved into a type of bread and tomato dish, often served with cheese. Pizza is the world’s favourite fast food. Locked. Before we get into the history of pizza, let’s first agree upon a definition of the word. Who Invented Pizza? This episode is locked Invite 5 or more friends and we'll unlock all previous episodes as a thank you! [1] Modern pizza evolved from similar flatbread dishes in Naples, Italy, in the 18th or early 19th century.[2]. If you believed BBQ chicken pizza was a new, millennial creation, you were wrong! [13] This was later replaced by oil, tomatoes (after Europeans came into contact with the Americas) or fish. [citation needed] The dish gained popularity, and soon pizza became a tourist attraction as visitors to Naples ventured into the poorer areas of the city to try the local specialty. He later passed the business on to his son, George.[42]. [47], Pizza chains sprang up with pizza's popularity rising. Following World War II, veterans returning from the Italian Campaign, who were introduced to Italy's native cuisine proved a ready market for pizza in particular,[43] touted by "veterans ranging from the lowliest private to Dwight D. Although voracious aficionados can suck down several sauce-laden slices in mere minutes, pizza has a surprisingly long history. A popular contemporary legend holds that the archetypal pizza, pizza Margherita, was invented in 1889, when the Royal Palace of Capodimonte commissioned the Neapolitan pizzaiolo (pizza maker) Raffaele Esposito to create a pizza in honor of the visiting Queen Margherita. The bread then went into a mud oven for baking. [35] The brand has opened over 325 locations across Canada and 50 locations in Mexico and the US. Postwar pizza finally reached Italy and beyond. Later, Rose Totino invented the frozen pizza so people could enjoy pizza at home without having to order it from a restaurant. These early pizzas consumed by Naples’ poor featured the tasty garnishes beloved today, such as tomatoes, cheese, oil, anchovies and garlic. It doesn’t exhaust the possibilities. Watch the video to discover the answer and don't forget to vote for next week's question. Fro… Share the post "Who invented pizza?" Pizza Marinara: the first tomato pizza (Leite’s Culinaria). The first pizza restaurant franchise, Pizza Hut, opened in the 1930s. As if to solidify a blended culture, pizza’s leap into fame came in just when Italy became unified. This article will tell you all about the history of pizza. The man credited with inventing Pizza Pops died Feb. 6 in Vernon, B.C., at the age of 89, his family said Tuesday. Who Invented Pizza? This blog post shares with you a little about who invented pizza. [31], In December 2017, the pizza napoletana was inscribed on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists.[32]. Sam Panopoulos, who was born in … Who invented pizza? Pizza was brought to the Trenton area of New Jersey with Joe's Tomato Pies opening in 1910, followed soon by Papa's Tomato Pies in 1912. In ancient times, all bread was basically flat, and treated as a food in and of itself. With pizza gaining popularity across the nation, major American pizza chains such as Pizza Hut, Domino's Pizza and Little Caesars have expanded their locations in Canada, competing against the domestic Canadian brands. Pizza is sold fresh or frozen, and whole or as portion-size slices or pieces. So for the sake of our argument, let’s consider a pizza to be: n. some kind of flat bread with stuff on […] The invention of the pizza itself is also uncertain and cannot be attributed to a named person. Pizza as it’s now known first appeared in Naples, Italy, in the late 1700s to early 1800s. [37] The chain first opened in 1981, serving both pizza and other fresh Italian cuisine, such as pasta and Italian sandwiches. [35] The first Boston Pizza location was opened in Edmonton, Alberta, in 1964, and operated under the name "Boston Pizza & Spaghetti House", with locations still opening across the nation. We eat it everywhere – at home, in restaurants, on street corners. Legend has it that the traveling pair became bored with their steady diet of French haute cuisine and asked for an assortment of pizzas from the city’s Pizzeria Brandi, the successor to Da Pietro pizzeria, founded in 1760. Panopolous owned … No one can truly say who invented pizza. [23], In Naples, two others figures connected to the trade existed — the pizza hawker (pizzaiuolo ambulante), who sold pizza, but did not make it, and the seller of pizza "a oggi a otto", who made pizzas, but sold them in return for a payment for seven days.[24]. [34] It gained popularity throughout the 1960s, with many pizzerias and restaurants opening across the country. The French had a dish called Pissaladerie for many years before the Italian Pizza was ''invented''. Taverns and restaurants began selling more and more pizzas. The customers loved it and decided to name the dish after him. Meet a Long-Lost Father of New York City Pizza. Who invented the pizza, and how did it spread all over the world? Later, Esposito’s restaurant was named the Pizzeria di Pietro, and can still be found in Naples. [38] There are over 110 locations worldwide; making Vanelli's the first pizza brand in Canada to open locations internationally. In 1905, Lombardi’s was opened in New York City and was named the first licensed pizzeria in the US. He went into a rage and smashed all the plates in his restaurant, and this was the only way he could serve a meal to his customers. The Italians – Pizza was probably invented by the Italians in the 10th Century. Who invented pizza? Unlike the recipe, the history of pizza is a little bit … In 1905, putative founder Gennaro Lombardi received a business license to operate a pizzeria restaurant, and soon had a clientele that included Italian tenor Enrico Caruso. But the story of how the humble pizza came to enjoy such global dominance reveals much about the history of migration, economics and technological change. Rather, side bacon is the standard pork topping on pizza. Read now. It consists of a pizza, sliced in half, accompanied by a small portion of spaghetti with a tomato based sauce. Most of them are in the ancient historical center of Naples. Eisenhower". [33] Starting in the late 1950s, the first pizza ovens started entering the country. TORONTO -- A Canadian-invented pizza has been deemed the most popular pizza in the U.S. for 2020, according to an annual report from food delivery app GrubHub. Did pizza originate in China? [citation needed] To date, they have over 500 locations nationwide, and fill more than 29 million orders annually.[36]. (Prior to that, the dish was homemade or purveyed by unlicensed vendors.) Watch the video to discover the answer and don't forget to vote for next week's question. Pizza chains across Canada can be found in shopping centres, schools, and neighbourhood plazas, with the majority of these chains offering a sit-and-dine facility for customers. Later, Vincent Bruno (Giovanni's son) went on to open the first pizzeria in Chicago. [40] Giovanni and Gennaro Bruno came to America from Naples, Italy, in 1903 and introduced the Neapolitan pizza to Boston. Far from the tropical paradise that bears its namesake, the Hawaiian pizza was in fact invented in Ontario in 1962. [11][better source needed], Other examples of flatbreads that survive to this day from the ancient Mediterranean world are focaccia (which may date back as far as the ancient Etruscans); Manakish in Levant, coca (which has sweet and savory varieties) from Catalonia, Valencia and the Balearic Islands; the Greek Pita; Lepinja in the Balkans; or Piadina in the Romagna part of Emilia-Romagna in Italy.[12]. It is still open today using its original oven, although it has changed location.